Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs. Laparoscopy is used to find problems such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids, and infection. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube (laparoscope).
Why It Is Done
- Check for and possibly take out abnormal growths (such as tumours) in the belly or pelvis
- Find the cause of sudden or ongoingpelvic pain
- Check for damage to internal organs, such as the spleen, after an injury or accident.
Laparoscopy can be performed under local or general anaesthetic, depending on the nature of the procedure. After the incision is made (usually next to the navel), the laparoscope is inserted into the abdominal cavity. Either carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide gas is then passed into the cavity to separate the abdominal wall from the underlying organs. This makes examination of the internal organs easier.
Taking care of yourself at home
- Most patients are able to resume normal activities within a few days to one week.
- Don’t engage in any strenuous physical activity for about a week or so.
- Remove your bandages the following day. Keep wounds dry.
- If you experience high fever, chills, vomiting, difficulties urinating, increasing redness at the incision site or a worsening of pain, contact your doctor immediately.